The skin is a very amazing organ that covers and protects the whole body. It is a storage center for fat and water, a temperature regulator, a shield against bacteria and water loss, and is capable of regeneration. People have different skin colors – this is based on the amount of melanin one has inside his/her body.
Melanin – What Is It?
Melanin is a pigment that is produced by melanocyte cells in the skin. Darker skin indicates a high level of melanin content. But if the amount of melanin in your body is low, your skin will be lighter and your hair will blonde. Aside from affecting your skin color, melanin likewise is responsible for the color of your eyes, hair, the stria vascularis of your inner ear, and the area around the nipples.
When the melanocyte cells in your body become unhealthy, damaged or hyperactive, the production of melanin will be greatly affected. And this can result to patches on your skin or your entire body.
Did you know that skin pigmentation only happens in the epidermis? The Epidermis is the visible and outer layers of your skin. In fact, any discoloration won’t affect the middle layer of your skin or dermis.
A vital function of melanin is protecting your skin against harmful UV rays.
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